Civil War Recipes


Assistant Commissary General of Subsistence – Lt. Col. C.L. Kilburn – Notes on Preparing Stores for the United States Army and on the Care of the Same, etc, with a few rules for Detecting Adulterations – Printed 1863

Under Hard Bread

Should be made of best quality of superfine, or what is usually known as extra superfine flour; or better, of extra and extra superfine, (half and half). Hard bread should be white, crisp, light and exhibit a flaky appearance when broken.  If tough, solid and compact, is evident the fault is either in the stock, manufacture or baking; it should not present the appearance of dried paste. If tough and pasty, it is probably manufacture from grown wheat, or Spring wheat of an inferior kind. In all cases it should be thoroughly cooled and dried before packing. Kiln drying, where practicable, for long voyages, is particularly desirable; but if really and thoroughly dried in the oven, hard bread will keep just as well and its flavor is not destroyed. To make good hard bread, it is essential to employ steam; hand work will not do.

The dough should be mixed as dry as possible; this is, in fact, very essential, and too much stress can not be placed on it. Good stock, dry mixed, and thoroughly baked, (not dried or scalded) will necessarily give good hard bread.  If salt is to be used, it should be mixed with the water used to mix the dough. Both salt and water should be clean. Bread put up with the preceding requirements should keep a year; but as a usual thing, our best bread as now made for army use, will keep only about three months.  Good, bread, packed closely and compactly should not weigh, net, per barrel, more than 70 or 80 pounds; should it be heavier that 80 it indicates too much moisture.  The thickness of the biscuit is important; it should not be so thick as to prevent proper drying, or so thin as to crumble in transportation. The quality of stock used for hard bread can be partially told by rules mentioned in the article ‘Flour,’ as far as they apply.  The term ‘sprung’ is frequently used by bakers, by which is meant raised or flaky bread, indicating strong flour and sound stock. The cupidity of the contracting baker induces him to pack his bread as soon as it comes out of the oven, and before the moisture has been completely expelled by drying.  Bread of this kind hangs on breaking; it will also be soft to the pressure of the finger nail when broken, whereas it should be crisp and brittle.

The packages should be thoroughly seasoned, (of wood imparting no taste or odor to the bread,) and reasonably tight.  The usual method now adopted is to pack 50 pounds net, in basswood boxes, (sides, top and bottom 1/2 inch, ends 5/8 of an inch,) and of dimensions corresponding with the cutters used, and strapped at each end with light iron or wood.  The bread should be packed on its edge compactly, so as not to shake.

Bread thoroughly baked, kiln dried, and packed in spirit casks, will keep a long time but it is an expensive method. If bread contains weevils, or is mouldy, expose to the sun on paulins, and before re-packing it, rinse the barrel with whiskey.


Army Hardtack Recipe


* 4 cups flour (perferably whole wheat)
* 4 teaspoons salt
* Water (about 2 cups)
* Pre-heat oven to 375° F
* Makes about 10 pieces

Mix the flour and salt together in a bowl. Add just enough water (less than two cups) so that the mixture will stick together, producing a dough that won’t stick to hands, rolling pin or pan.  Mix the dough by hand. Roll the dough out, shaping it roughly into a rectangle. Cut into the dough into squares about 3 x 3 inches and ½ inch thick.

After cutting the squares, press a pattern of four rows of four holes into each square, using a nail or other such object. Do not punch through the dough.  The appearance you want is similar to that of a modern saltine cracker.  Turn each square over and do the same thing to the other side.

Place the squares on an ungreased cookie sheet in the oven and bake for 30 minutes. Turn each piece over and bake for another 30 minutes. The crackers should be slightly brown on both sides.

The fresh crackers are easily broken but as they dry, they harden and assume the consistentency of fired brick.

Swedish Hardtack

* 1 cup water
* 3 tbsp. vegetable oil
* 3 tbsp. honey
* 3 cups rye flour (or 1 1/2 cups rye & 1 1/2 cups whole wheat flour)
* 1  1/2 tbsp. brewer’s yeast (optional)
* 1/4 tsp. salt

Mix liquids together.  In a separate bowl, mix dry ingredients.  Combine the mixtures, stirring to moisten throughout.  Form a ball.  On a floured surface, flatten the dough, and roll out thinly. Cut into squares and prick each cracker with the tines of a fork a couple of times.  Transfer to lightly greased baking sheets. Bake at 425° F for around 8 minutes, checking to be sure not to over-brown.  It is best served warm.


In Herman Cain’s Writings, a Startling Lack of Foresight

By Mark Benjamin | October 16, 2011
Chip Litherland / The New York Times

Republican presidential candidate Herman Cain speaks during the Conservative Political Action Conference in Orlando, Florida on Sept. 23, 2011.

Presidential hopeful Herman Cain isn’t just a former CEO of Godfather’s Pizza and head of the National Restaurant Association. He was also once a prolific writer, who up until January 2011 produced a weekly opinion column published by the conservative website WorldNetDaily.

The columns ranged from heavy economic pontification to colorful treatises on topics like why Tiger Woods should run for President in 2016. But a common thread running through much of his writing was a startlingly poor power of foresight – and not just about Woods, whose “character, discipline and leadership” Cain lauded in 2006.

In at least one column, Cain seemed to condemn a proposal that is now a pillar of his highly touted 9-9-9 tax plan. On November 12, 2010, Cain wrote a column about rumors that Democrats would propose a consumption tax called a VAT. “The worst idea is a proposed national sales tax,” Cain wrote. A 9% national sales tax is now one of Cain’s three nines.

The problem, Cain argued in 2010, is that similar national sales taxes have “eventually gone up or expanded” in other countries. This argument echoes current conservative critics of 9-9-9, including Americans For Tax Reform’s Grover Norquist, who claim that enacting a national consumption tax would make the government more vulnerable to revenue-hungry bureaucrats.

At the conclusion of the column, Cain did endorse eviscerating the current tax code and replacing it with a flat tax, which is consistent with what he wants to do now with 9-9-9. “Mr. Cain has been a proponent of the Fair Tax and Flat Tax over the past 15 years,” says Cain campaign spokesman J.D. Gordon, who denies that there’s any contradiction between 9-9-9 and the 2010 column. “To take something out of context in a 600-word commentary, out of over 500 columns published over 15 years, frankly does not make sense.”

Nonetheless, with Cain surging in the polls, his rivals for the Republican nomination may seek to use his past statements against him. And tax policy was not the only area where Cain may have misjudged the future. Throughout 2008, Cain repeatedly wrote that the creeping economic downturn was an invention of the mainstream media.

The recession officially began in December 2007, according to the National Bureau of Economic Research. But in a Jan. 21, 2008, column entitled, “Recession? Spare us the National Economic Pity Party,” Cain compared fear of a downturn to a Hollywood script, and stated there was only an “economic correction, not an economic recession.” The damage would be minimal, Cain predicted, and would help downsize “overbuilt” portions of the economy while only “some consumers who have spent too much” would feel the pain.

He took a similar tack in a March 3, 2008, piece. “The media’s factually unsubstantiated claims of an impending recession have been going on for over a year now,” he wrote. “Many news journalists hurt people’s outlook about the economy with inappropriate comparisons and sensationalism.”

In April 2008, Cain admitted that the economy was skidding, but only, he argued, because Democrats and the mainstream media had spooked everybody with its negativity. “This writer believes that a major portion of the job losses are due to media pessimism, and employers who have swallowed the negative outlook and have hesitated to fill existing jobs or new positions” Cain wrote on April 7.

By summer, Cain was claiming that the looming financial crisis was a similar media fabrication. In a July 21, 2008, column, Cain referred to Wall Street’s troubles as “the mainstream media’s it’s-not-a-crisis-but-we-are-going-to-make-it-look-like-one banking crisis”. In less than two months, Lehman Brothers would declare Bankruptcy and, a few weeks later, Congress would pass a massive bailout to rescue the nation’s largest banks.

And even in September, Cain was upbraiding Democrats for ignoring great economic news. “We still have not had a recession since 2001,” Cain wrote early that month. “But don’t tell the Democrats and the mainstream media. You might disrupt their imaginary recession.”

Cain, who has never held elected office, is now running for President on his signature 9-9-9 tax plan and CEO economic know-how. And though he’s never cast a vote in Congress, there’s still a substantial paper trail for his rivals to follow if they want to impede his ascent in the polls . It’s right there in his columns.

Read more:…#ixzz1aySltQ4S

Racism within the Occupy Wall Street movement

Occupy L.A. Protester: Run the Jews Out of This Country

October 15, 2011 by V2A

“I think that the Zionist Jews who are running these big banks and our Federal Reserve, which is not run by the federal government, they need to be run out of this country,” said Occupy LA protester Patricia McAllister. She identified herself as a Los Angeles Unified School District employee.  (This racist liberal bitch is teaching children?)

Cain isn’t familiar with neoconservatism

Cain aide: Yes, he has heard of neoconservatism

Published: 10:40 AM 10/17/2011 | Updated: 11:03 AM 10/17/2011

GOP eyebrows went up on Sunday when Republican presidential candidate Herman Cain said on Meet the Press that he was “not familiar with the neoconservative movement.”

But an aide to Cain told The Daily Caller on Monday that the former Godfather’s CEO didn’t literally mean he had never heard of the foreign policy label — and was trying to avoid putting that label on his foreign policy views.

“Of course he’s heard of it,” the aide told TheDC about neoconservatism. “He just doesn’t want to be labeled.”

Moderator David Gregory asked Cain on Sunday if he considers himself a neoconservative. Gregory was reacting to Cain’s pronouncement that his own foreign policy views were influenced by former Ambassador John Bolton, former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and former deputy assistant secretary of defense KT McFarland.

Neoconservatism, in this context, is typically associated with the promotion of democracy across the world.

“I’m not sure what you mean by neoconservative.” Cain told Gregory on Sunday. “I am a conservative, yes.  Neoconservative — labels sometimes will put you in a box.”

One month in, protests yet to topple capitalism

Nothing left to topple, Capitalism was already toppled, by Obama!

By Caroline May – The Daily Caller | The Daily Caller – 1 hr 56 mins ago

Monday marks the one month anniversary of the redistributionist, anti-corporate Occupy Wall Street movement that has spread across the country.

Since the initial descent of disgruntled young people on New York’s Zuccotti Park, none of their speculated demands have been met and the protestors have no intention of ending their demonstrations anytime soon.

According to the unofficial Occupy Wall Street Internet forum, which has maintained a go-to presence for information for the protestors and by the protestors, the movement’s victories to date have included spawning more protests and bringing their 99 percent grievance into the mainstream conversation.

“Renaming the space ‘Liberty Square,’ we kicked off a protest against bank bailouts, corporate greed and the unchecked power of Wall Street in Washington,” the forum explained of their one month anniversary. “In the last month, the message of “We are the 99%” has won the hearts and minds of over half of Americans (according to a recent Time survey) and is gaining ground globally, with 1,500 protests in 82 countries this past Saturday (October 15).”

The protests have garnered the support and approval of union leaders, liberal activists and Democratic leaders in the highest levels of government. One supporter is President Barack Obama, who, the Washington Times reported, speculated Sunday at the dedication of the memorial to Dr. Marting Luther King Jr. that the civil rights leader would have supported the Occupy Wall Street protestors.

“If he were alive today, I believe he would remind us that the unemployed worker can rightly challenge the excesses of Wall Street without demonizing all who work there,” the president said. “Those with power and privilege will often decry any call for change as divisive. They’ll say any challenge to the existing arrangements are unwise and destabilizing. Dr. King understood that peace without justice was no peace at all.”

Conservatives and Republicans have ranged from skeptical to dismissive, calling the demonstrators’ anti-capitalist message unrealistic. Others have expressed shock that mainstream liberal institutions have rallied to a movement  that has pointed to the Arab Spring and Tahrir Square as a partial protest model.

“To the villainy-of-the-rich theme emanating from Washington, a child is born: Occupy Wall Street. Starbucks-sipping,  Levi’s-clad, iPhone-clutching protesters denounce corporate America even as they weep for Steve Jobs, corporate titan, billionaire eight times over,” columnist Charles Krauthammer wrote Thursday. “These indignant indolents saddled with their $50,000 student loans and English degrees have decided that their lack of gainful employment is rooted in the malice of the millionaires on whose homes they are now marching … What’s the Occupy Wall Street program? Eat the rich.”

Indeed, the irony of corporate influence on these protestors, with brand named clothing and braces-perfect straight teeth — presumably the benefit of parents with money who care — has not been lost on bloggers.

Despite dismissal by some, the movement has had an impact outside of the over 1,000 protestors arrested for disorderly conduct, obstruction of public space and clashes with police. Occupy Wall Street is viewed favorably by a majority of Americans, according to a recent TIME poll.

House Majority Leader Eric Cantor even backtracked from comments he made earlier this month — in which he described the demonstrators as “growing mobs” — on “Fox News Sunday” over the weekend, noting that there is frustration, but that he is still concerned about colleagues who have been quick to jump on their bandwagon.

“Where I’m most concerned, is we have elected leaders in this town who, frankly, are joining in an effort to blame others rather than focusing on the policies that have brought about the current situation,” he told host Chris Wallace.

It will remain to be seen where the protests go from here, yet all indications are they will be around for awhile. Indeed, Chuck Todd reported Monday morning on “The Daily Rundown” that since the movement began, supporters have donated more than $300,000 to the effort.


Occupy Wall Street Lawyers threaten chaos

Dismiss all charges or we will clog up courts, lawyers for Occupy Wall Street protesters say

BY Melissa Grace

Monday, October 17th 2011, 4:00 AM

Next up for protesters: Occupy the Courts.

Lawyers representing about 800 Occupy Wall Street protesters arrested in the past month demand that prosecutors drop the charges.

If not, they say they won’t deal and will insist on going to trial – putting pressure on the already overloaded Manhattan criminal courts.

“I’d like to suggest to the DA’s office the appropriate way to deal with these cases is outright dismissal,” said defense lawyer Martin Stolar.

“The leverage is, we take them all to trial.”

Stolar and other members of the civil rights-focused National Lawyers Guild plan to meet today with prosecutors from Manhattan District Attorney Cy Vance Jr.‘s office to lay out their position.

At least some protesters who face charges – including two out-of-towners arrested last week – will demand their day in court.

“I didn’t do anything wrong,” said Zach Welch, 20, of upstate Rochester, after spending 24 hours behind bars for resisting arrest and wearing a mask depicting the 16th century anarchist Guy Fawkes. “I was expressing my rights.”

Vance’s office had no comment on the meeting and said all cases are reviewed individually.


In general, officials said, first-time offenders on minor crimes are routinely offered what is known as an “adjournment in contemplation of dismissal” – meaning charges are tossed after six months if the offender is not re-arrested.

The vast majority of protesters were issued summonses for violations and desk appearance tickets for minor crimes, officials said.

They said 47 people were arrested and held overnight. So far, five of those cases have been dismissed because of a lack of evidence.

If the DA pursues the remaining cases, protesters will be marching into the courtrooms en masse beginning Nov. 15 – when 60 demonstrators are set to appear before one judge.

The Manhattan criminal courts deal with about 90,000 cases a year, and prosecutors say they will have little trouble absorbing the extra work load.

Court officials had a different take.

“Is it a strain on the system? Yes,” said courts spokesman David Bookstaver. “But the reality is the judges will deal with it.”

There is precedent for dismissing civil disobedience cases.

In 1999, prosecutors dropped charges against 1,166 people – including celebrities and politicians – busted over a 15-day period in the wake of the fatal police shooting of immigrant street vendor Amadou Diallo.


Raymond Castello, the former assistant district attorney who handled those dismissals, said the circumstances around the current arrests are very different.

The Diallo protesters, he said, were arrested peaceably.

“Their plan was to get arrested, and they did it in a way that was least inconvenient for all parties,” Castello said.

“Resisting arrest makes a difference,” he said.

‘Occupiers’ killing stimulus-funded sod in D.C.

byDavid Freddoso Online Opinion Editor

The Occupy D.C. protests, as Conn noted the other day, continue to violate federal law by camping out on National Park Service Land. Law enforcement officials from the alphabet soup of agencies that police D.C. are letting them get away with it.

You could say they haven’t harmed anyone here downtown, except that they have. In McPherson Square, where some two or three dozen of them have been camping out for the last week, they have already ruined a few newly sodded sections of the park. The re-sodding of the park was completed this year as part of a $419,000 stimulus project to refurbish the square. The park, which is across from the Examiner Building in downtown D.C., was shut down for months during the project.

You could say they’re stimulating the economy, because now taxpayers will have to cough up a few thousand more to fix the damage.

What you see in the accompanying photos are portions of the park where tents have been removed recently. In a few spots, the grass is only mostly dead, but in others it’s dead and gone, and the new sod has given way to mud. The areas where the Occupiers have their tents pitched right now will be all mud before the end of this week, if they aren’t already.